In the wake of the start of the eruption of Bárðarbunga at the Dyngjujökull glacier, scientists are continuing to consider the possible effects of the event. One of the biggest topics of discussion has been the possibility of the flooding of the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum.
Nature & Travel
The Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration has closed nearly all of the roads leading to Bárðarbunga.
An eruption has occurred at the site of the volcano Bárðarbunga. At the moment, it is still a sub-glacial eruption, meaning that there is no visible evidence of it, such as a plume or smoke.
The land below Vatnajökull glacier has drifted apart by 20 centimeters (8 inches) since the seismic activity and magma flow began in Bárðarbunga volcano.
No earthquake stronger than 3 magnitude have hit in or around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier since shortly before 11 am.
Below is an excerpt from the latest status report of the events in Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier from the National Crisis Coordination Center.
Seismic activity in Bárðarbunga volcano continues with a 3.5 magnitude earthquake hitting inside the caldera shortly before 11 am this morning.
A 4.7 magnitude earthquake hit 4 km (2.5 miles) southeast of Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier, southeast Iceland, shortly after midnight last night.
A magnitude 4.0 earthquake hit in Bárðarbunga volcano at around 11:00 am this morning. The earthquake was at a depth of 3 km, which is much shallower than most of the other earthquakes in the area in recent days.
The Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management in Iceland will meet with emergency response organizations and stakeholders, including farmers, in Húsavík, North Iceland, at midday today to discuss the possible upcoming eruption and glacial outburst flood in Bárðarbunga volcano.
If an eruption occurs, it will be under a glacier between 150 and 600 meters thick, resulting in significant meltwater and a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum a glacial river. The river might increase 10 to 40-fold.
A volcanic eruption in Bárðarbunga could have a great an impact on air travel as the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption did, according to Friðþór Eydal, a spokesperson for ISAVIA, the company which operates airports in Iceland.
The northern lights season in Iceland begun last night with strong displays in parts of the country.
Seismic activity in Bárðarbunga volcano in the northwestern part of Vatnajökull glacier is ongoing. Around 300 earthquakes were recorded between midnight and 8:00 am this morning. The largest earthquake occurred just before 4:00 am and measured 3.0 in magnitude.
Twenty-four-year-old Icelandic programmer Bæring Gunnar Steinþórsson at CCP has set up a webpage showing the seismic activity under the Bárðarbunga volcano in 3D.
Farmers in Öxarfjörður, Northeast Iceland, have decided to round up their free-roaming sheep and horses because of the threat of an eruption in sub-glacial volcano Bárðarbunga.
The Police Commissioners in Húsavík and Seyðisfjörður have decided to close and evacuate the area north of Vatnajökull following the seismic activity in Bárðarbunga.
Bárðarbunga volcano, located under Vatnajökull glacier, which has been showing heightened signs of activity in recent days, is named after settler Bárður Bjarnason, later called Gnúpa-Bárður, from the Sognefjord in West Norway.
Iceland has been virtually bat-free in the past but in recent times there have been 40 individuals of the flying mammal recorded in the country.
Now that Bárðarbunga volcano has made international headlines, following around 2,600 earthquakes in the area since 3:00 am on Saturday morning and a possible eruption on its way, people are wondering how on earth to pronounce this latest Icelandic volcanic feature to make waves.
Around 200 tourists are currently in the northern part of Vatnajökull National Park in the area which would need to be evacuated in case of an eruption in Bárðarbunga volcano, which would trigger a glacial flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum.
There have been 48 eruptions in Iceland in the last 100 years, an eruption almost every second year.
The seismic activity in the northwestern part of Vatnajökull glacier, Southeast Iceland, was mostly limited to a swarm between Bárðarbunga and Kverkfjöll last night and proved rather stable. Magma has been detected at a depth of 3-7 km.